A Collector's Guide
to Soviet Military and Civilian Uniform Visor Caps
of the Cold War Period: 1946-1991

WELCOME to the largest collection of Soviet uniform caps on the World Wide Web!

As some of you may have noticed, the promised update of my site as been slow; although I promise some good stuff is on the way. Updated pages will be signified with white text on the CAP MUSEUM column listing to the left.

I am currently working on a large-format "picture" book which will describe EVERY furazhka worn by Soviet soldiers and sailors over the Cold War period. It's a big project and I am looking for good photographs showing personnel wearing such visor caps. If you have any and allow me to use them, I will of course credit you in the text. I am also looking for high quality photographs of uniforms that I can use to illustrate as matching the caps I discuss. I need all Army/Air Force/Navy ones (all ranks but not generals/admirals) - showing the uniform tunic/jacket against an uncluttered background.

I have also added a few new caps on my For Sale - Caps page - as of 9 March 2018. Other militaria and books are listed here: For Sale - Militaria. I have deliberately kept these prices very low and all items are guaranteed authentic. Also please note: I am looking to buy or trade for a khaki Air Force visor cap with a square visor but NO wings pinned to the crown, just a red star on the band - as shown here to the right.

The second edition of my book: Soviet Uniform Visor Cap Markings is now available for order.

This one-of-a-kind 135-page paperback book documents the wide variety of manufacturers’ labels and other interior markings found on military and civilian uniform visor caps of the Cold War period (1945-1991) and is a "must-have" reference for the Soviet visor cap and uniform collector. This second edition is 42 pages longer than the first; with new information, new markings, and better/larger images.

Please go to my Book Sales page for additional information on the book and how to purchase copies.

Introduction to the Site

On this site you can sample the martial glory of the Soviet uniform visor cap (pronounced "Furazhka" in Russian) from the beginning of the Cold War Era to the dissolution of the USSR in 1991. Although little recognized in the West, Soviet military and militarized uniforms during this period were extremely varied and colorful. Although many countries had rather ornate military uniforms prior to WWII, most lost little time after the War in abandoning their "old-fashioned" uniform styles in the interest of economy, camouflage, or anti-militarism. The USSR, however, resisted this simplification of its uniforms, in spite of the heavy drain the large number of uniform variations and style changes imposed on the Soviet clothing industry. The reason was simple. The 1943 uniform regulations, which restored a distinctly "Tsarist" look to the Red Army, were extremely popular and successful in terms of restoring morale to the armed forces. Soldiers took pride in their appearance and gloried in the trappings of past accomplishments. Nevertheless, uniform development was not stagnant, and refinements continued after WWII. New uniform regulations built on those of 1943, combining heavy elements of Imperial Russian uniform tradition with symbols of the Red Army. The resulting array of uniforms enabled even the lowest conscript to impress his girl friend on de-mob day with his sartorial heroism, while, at the other end, a Marshal could outshine a peacock in his spectacular parade uniform.

For those of you relatively new to the Soviet uniform collecting scene, I would recommend you peruse a little background information I've put together on the development of uniforms over this period. This will make my individual cap descriptions more meaningful. Select "Uniform Periods" from the action buttons at the top of the red bar to the left for this information or go directly to the "Cap Museum" category you wish to view.

You will also find sections to the left on "Visor Caps Dissected" which will identify the parts of a cap to which I make reference, tips on properly displaying your caps and a page on "Fakes and Replicas" for those of you who tend to be too trusting of your fellow man.


At the end of each cap description, I have provided my assessment as to the general availability of similar caps. This represents how often caps show up at shows or are offered for sale on-line or in advertisements. It does not directly relate to value! Some rare items garner low prices due to low demand (for now!).
Common: readily available at most large militaria shows or easily found for sale on the Internet or in "surplus" stores.

Available: harder to find but usually available if you know where to look and are patient.

Scarce: occasionally seen or offered, but quite difficult to find.

Rare: seldom seen even in collections or museums in the Former USSR.

Very Rare: typically only seen in specialist museums; not one-of-a-kind, but virtually so.

The Task

The task of documenting even one element of this Soviet uniform tradition (visor caps, for those of you who got lost in my ramblings) is somewhat daunting. The many variations reflecting changing uniform styles, different branches and arms of service, seasonal changes, differences in rank, and special unit distinctions; not to mention the array of non-military uniforms instituted for everyone from police to diplomats; total well into the hundreds. However, I have and continue to collect a good representative sampling of these caps (312 at last count!), which, I hope, will do the entire range justice.


This site is dedicated to the soldiers and officers of the former Soviet armed forces. Although the ideology of its leaders was hopelessly flawed, the Soviet military was, by and large, an honorable extension of a proud people (or melting pot of peoples). In my numerous discussions with Soviet officers, I found them without exception to be morally the equivalent of Western officers and to be individuals I would be proud to have as friends, had our situations allowed it. "He has no greater love than he who would lay down his life for another" embodies the ideals of the soldier. Members of the Soviet Army and Navy held to this no less than soldiers in the West.

Help Me, Help You

Anyone detecting errors or in possession of additional information on any of these caps or in my descriptions is asked to e-mail me so that I may correct/enhance those areas.


My site deliberately focuses on caps in my collection. However, there are still a number of cap types out there I do not personally own - which I would happily add to my site with your permission. These will of course be credited to the owner if desired. On a few occasions I've also included pictures posted elsewhere on the web (especially from Russian collector websites); should you own and object to the use of those photos, please let me know and I will remove them from my site.

And of course - if you have any authentic Soviet caps you want to sell - E-MAIL ME! - at randallstewart@comcast.net and we can dicker over the dirty details of money or trade. Or if you should you have any questions about Soviet caps/uniforms or any aspect of the hobby, I am always happy to help.

If you have written me at this address and did not get a response, please resend to my wife at:wandalstewart@me.com. Apparently some overseas' email servers don't "like" my comcast.net server!

Well, let's see if the results match the promises, shall we? Please make your selections from the links on the red bar to the left.

From left to right: me as a U.S. Army Threat Forces' trainer in the hatch of a T-62, in my real guise as a Military Intelligence officer in Germany 1985, and more recently at an Arms Show in Moscow.